The purpose of this guide is to learn how to incorporate transparency and accountability in project design. Twaweza believes that the effects of transparency and accountability can be tracked by setting up an organizational theory of change and strategy with a compelling vision and a strong monitoring and evaluation structure

1Step 1
How can Transparency and Accountability Interventions Make Development Work?

Problems with development projects arise not from lack of resources, but how resources and use. Openness and sustained public engagement can ensure that good policies are implemented.

2Step 2
Promoting Citizen Agency

Develop an understanding of the local context and relationships, which will help with the capacity to read the political climate, adapt accordingly, and seize opportunities as they arise.

3Step 3
How to Define Success

The definition of success should be elastic, so it can detect and value short-term effects, while keeping an eye on big picture/longer-term outcomes.

4Step 4
Focus on Learning Instead of Results

Donor reporting requirements and focus on results is often antithetical to the above two points; it would be much more meaningful if donors rewarded and valued flexibility of design and learning from experience.